Whether you are new top programming, or you want to stay up to date with the current programming advancements, this article would guide you through Top 10 Programming languages 2019. We also have an article on what is programming and history of computer programming languages
It is good idea to keep an eye on the trending concepts in programming but trying to learn all would not be beneficial. Rather, it is better to select one interesting language and specialize in one field for the long term.
So, here are top 10 programming languages in 2019
Firstly, Python is open-source, fastest growing, general purpose, high-level programming language programming language. Its syntax is very clear and understandable like English language. It has extensive support modules and community development. It is more used in fields like Data Science, Statistics, Analytics, Machine Learning, Gaming and Artificial Intelligence. Some popular web development frameworks for Python are Django, Pyramid and Turbo Gear. Even popular open source framework like Django is in Python.
Java in second place is created by Oracle Corporation and is one of the oldest, most common and in-demand computer programming language. Java is highly scalable and platform independent or highly cross-platform compatible. It used Java Virtual Machine for this platform independence. This helps developers to essentially “write once, work anywhere” (WORA). Java has been in the market trending since last 20 years. It is simpler than C++, Object oriented and robust with automatic memory allocation, garbage collection and backward compatible. Popular IDE used for Java are NetBeans and Eclipse.
Fourthly, Microsoft owned C# created by Anders Hejlsberg is one of the most powerful programming languages in the Dot NET framework. It is a powerful, flexible language. C# is a blend of C++ and Java language. C# is continually evolving with rich set of libraries. It makes compilation together with execution really fast. C# uses frameworks like Xamarin and DOT NET for building mobile applications and game development along with building 3D/2D video games.It uses popular Unity game engine with its cross-platform feature . Using Microsoft Visual C++, the language is used for building applications on Windows, Android as well as iOS.
Fifth, PHP is created for maintaining Personal Home Page (PHP) for Rasmus. Today, it has taken a rise in usage and is used to create dynamic web content. PHP stands for Hypertext Pre-processor and it is a general-purpose programming language. It is free, cheap, easy to set up and simple to use for new programmers making it highly popular. Built with PHP, WordPress is also another widely used CMS (Content Management System). Popular IDE for PHP are Code Igniter, Eclipse, NetBeans, PHPStorm and Zend Studio.
Sixth, Sequel to C, C++ is the innovator of the modern world’s most programming. It is a simple, yet powerful based on structured approach. Both C and C++ are high-performance, reliable and widely used languages Though old, the practical applications of C++, is the reason why C++ is in this top 10 programming languages list. It is mostly used in game development, scripting, mobile applications, especially performance-intensive tasks like virtual reality, gaming, and computer graphics. Applications like Adobe Photoshop, Google Chromium, MapReduce, Mozilla Firefox, MySQL database use C++. Microsoft Windows and Google Chrome are well-known projects created with C++. C is the basis for today`s well known programming languages introduced in the late 1970s. Popular IDE`s for C++ are Visual Studio Code, Eclipse, Code::Blocks, CodeLite and CodeWarrior.
Seventh, Tech giant Google introduced Go language in 2012. Go, developed by Go Authors, is one of the trending languages in the programming platform. It is an open-source, simple, secure, and productive software. It has functional as well as object-oriented programming concepts. It is easy for new programmers to learn while being extremely powerful. It is optimized by Google for efficient memory management with blazing fast speed. Popular projects like Kubernetes, Docker, Hugo, Hyperledger Blockchain and Ethereum were developed using this programming language. Some popular IDE`s for this language are Lite IDE, Visual Studio Code, Eclipse with GoClipse and Vim.
Then, Objective-C, as the name implies is a reflective object-oriented programming language. Objective C is basically the primary language to develop software’s or Mac devices. Apple uses this for the OS X and iOS operating systems and their application programming interfaces (APIs). It was developed in 1980 by Apple and its designers were Brad Cox and Tom Love. Objective-C is object-oriented, general purpose. For programming in Objective C, Objective-C editor and IDE is used.
Lastly, Ruby is an open source, dynamic programming object-oriented language. It focuses on simplicity and productivity. Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto developed Ruby in mid-1990 by in Japan. Ruby is popular by Ruby on Rails framework, a full-stack web framework. Ruby is mostly in use for developing web applications, servers, standard libraries and system utilities. With ruby, one can build an application with less line of code. Popular IDE`s for ruby are RubbyMine, Atom, VSCode and VIM Editor.
To summarize, in next 10 years, again some new programming languages may come into peak or existing one`s may be advanced with rich features. However, for a starter learner, it is better to learn one of these top trending languages to start their career in programming. Finding the one that interests you and sticking to it to master with time can be really beneficial. But do stay up to date with Top 10 Programming languages 2019 and in upcoming years